After the important files are in order and synced between devices we sort of get them backed up this way to a certain extent of course – this backup will not make your workstation boot into OS again in case something bad happens with HDD or boot partition.. Below is the list of software I use for full partition/HDD backup.
Acronis True Image: it’s commercial, used it for years, restored backups successfully several times, allows creating live-cd to boot and restore HDD.
clonezilla + partclone: use for full disk backup, free as in beer & speech but make sure you have the compatible pair because clonezilla depends on partclone and in my case (Mint 17 disrto) default partclone was incompatible with default clonezilla version (issue was -z param of partclone). Seems the easiest way to get both correct versions of clonezilla and partclone is to use “Clonezilla Live” distribution on USB stick, installed using tuxboot.
You need a live-cd to boot & backup because partition/HDD you plan to backup has to be unmounted. I was actually looking into using Acronis for Linux but did not feel very enthusiastic about the price of this edition – it seems only Enterprise edition works on Linux with price tag around 1000$..
Deja Dup: home directory incremental backup/restore.
Time Machine? Not sure yet because did not set up backup on my Mac. Will be trying out that option but I’ve read it is now incompatible with Samba shares, however a workaround is available – will test that and update the post.
After almost a year I am finally ready to update this post with my OSX preference and this is SuperDuper!, whole disk backup.